Todd Henry

Todd Henry (Ph.D., UCLA, 2006; Associate Professor) is a specialist of modern Korea with a focus on the period of Japanese rule and its postcolonial afterlives. A social and cultural historian interested in global forces that (re)produce lived spaces, he also examines cross-border processes linking South Korea, North Korea, Japan, and the US in the creation of “Hot War” militarisms, the transpacific practice of medical sciences, and the embodied experiences of hetero-patriarchal capitalism. Dr. Henry’s first book, Assimilating Seoul (University of California Press, 2014), addressed the violent but contested role of public spaces in colonial Korea. He has written several related articles on questions of place, race, and nation in colonizing and decolonizing movements on the peninsula. Currently, Dr. Henry is completing his second book, entitled The Profit of Queerness. This study of authoritarian development in Cold War South Korea examines the ideological functions and subcultural dynamics of queerness as they relate to middlebrow journalism and sexual science, anti-communist modes of kinship and citizenship, and globalized discourses and practices of the “sexual revolution.” A sample of this new work appears in his edited volume, Queer Korea (Duke University Press, 2019).  A third book will explore how the pre-World War II history of imperialism and militarism in the Asia-Pacific region informed articulations of virile masculinity and practices of gay sex tourism in postwar Japan and across its former empire.  Dr. Henry has received two Fulbright grants (Kyoto University, 2004-2005; Hanyang and Ewha Womans Universities, 2013), two fellowships from the Korea Foundation (Seoul National University, 2003-2004; Harvard University, 2008-2009), and one fellowship from the Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (Seoul National University, 2019). At UCSD, he is an affiliate faculty member of Critical Gender Studies and Science Studies. From 2013 until 2018, Dr. Henry served as the inaugural director of Transnational Korean Studies, the recipient of a $600,000 grant from the Academy of Korean Studies as a Core University Program for Korean Studies. 

Books

  • Assimilating Seoul: Japanese Rule and the Politics of Public Space in Colonial Korea, 1910-1945 (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, Asia-Pacific Modern Series #12, hardcover Feb. 2014, paperback Oct. 2016, Korean translation forthcoming) [single-authored book]
  • Queer Korea (Durham and London: Duke University Press, Perverse Modernities Series, 2019) [single-edited conference volume]
  • The Profit of Queerness: Mass Media, Sexual Medicine, and Cultural Citizenship in Cold War South Korea, 1948-1993 [single-authored book; forthcoming]
  • Japan’s Gay Empire: Sex Tourism, Military Culture, and Memory Making in Postcolonial Asia-Pacific [single-authored book; forthcoming]

Articles

  • “Sanitizing Empire: Japanese Articulations of Korean Otherness and the Construction of Early Colonial Seoul, 1905-19,” Journal of Asian Studies vol. 64, no. 3 (Aug. 2005): 639-75; Reprinted in Hyung-Gu Lynn (ed.), Critical Readings on the Colonial Period of Korea 1910-1945, Volume 2 (Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2012): 615-661
  • “Respatializing Chosŏn’s Royal Capital: The Politics of Japanese Urban Reforms in Early Colonial Seoul, 1905-19” in Timothy Tangherlini and Sallie Yea (eds.), Sitings: Critical Approaches to Korean Geography (Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2007): 15-38
  • “Celebrating Empire, Fighting War: The 1940 Exposition in Late Colonial Korea” (in Korean), Asea yŏn’gu (The Journal of Asiatic Studies, Korea University), vol. 51, no. 4 (Winter 2008): 72-112
  • “Assimilation’s Racializing Sensibilities: Colonized Koreans as Yobos and the ‘Yobo-ization’ of Expatriate Japanese,” Positions: Asia Critique vol. 21, no. 1 (Winter 2013): 11-49; Reprinted in Christopher P. Hanscom and Dennis Washburn (eds.), The Affect of Difference: Representation of Race in East Asian Empire (Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2016): 81-107
  • “Between Surveillance and Liberation: The Lives of Cross-Dressed Male Sex Workers in Early Postwar Japan” in Susan Stryker and Aren Aizura (eds.), The Transgender Studies Reader, Volume 2 (London and New York: Routledge, 2013): 399-413
  • “Showcase Thoroughfares, Wretched Alleys: The Uneven Development of Colonial Seoul (Keijō)” in Sugimoto Fumiko, Cary Karacas, and Kären Wigen (eds.), Cartographic Japan (Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2016): 170-173
  • “Ch’anggyŏng Garden as Neo-Colonial Space: Spectacles of Anti-Communist Militarism and Industrial Development in Early South(ern) Korea,” Journal of Korean Studies vol. 21, no. 1 (Spring 2016): 7-44; Reprinted in Mikyoung Kim (ed.), Korean Memories: Compressed Modernity, Psychohistorical Fragmentation (Basingstoke [England] and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, forthcoming)
  • “Neuropsychiatry as Area Studies: Han Tong-se (1930-1973) and the Diagnostics of Gender/Sexual ‘Deviance’ in Cold War South Korea,” Humanities Futures, John Hope Franklin Humanities Institute (Duke University), 2017 [https://humanitiesfutures.org/papers/neuropsychiatry-area-studies-han-tong-se-1930-1973-diagnostics-gendersexual-deviance-cold-war-south-korea/]
  • In This Issue – Queer/Korean Studies as Critique: A Provocation,” Korea Journal vol. 58, no. 2 (Summer 2018): 5-26 [single-edited special issue]
  • “Trans-in-Asia, Asia-in-Trans: An Introduction,” TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly vol. 5, no. 3 (Aug. 2018): 298-310 [co-edited special issue]
  • “Queer Korea: Toward a Field of Engagement,” in Todd A. Henry (ed.), Queer Korea (Durham and London: Duke University Press, Perverse Modernities Series, 2019)
  • “Queer Lives as Cautionary Tales: Female Same-Sex Weddings in the Hetero-Patriarchal Imagination of Authoritarian South Korea,” in Todd A. Henry (ed.), Queer Korea (Durham and London: Duke University Press, Perverse Modernities Series, 2019)
  •  “Between Freedom and Death: Female Taxi Drivers and Authoritarian Development in South Korea, 1960s-1980s” [in preparation]
  • “A Documentary Impulse: The Historical Imagination of Queer Films in Contemporary South Korea” [in preparation]
  • “Queering the Straits: Japanese-South Korean Interactions in the Making of Post-Colonial Gay Subcultures” [in preparation]

Book Reviews

  • Ann Stoler, Carole McGranahan, and Peter Perdue (eds.), Imperial Formations (Santa Fe, N.M.: School for Advanced Research Press; Oxford [U.K.]: James Currey, 2007) in The Journal of World History vol. 21, no. 2 (June 2010): 349-353
  • Mark E. Caprio, Japanese Assimilation Policies in Colonial Korea, 1910-1945 (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2009) in Pacific Affairs vol. 83, no. 4 (Dec. 2010): 802-804
  • E. Taylor Atkins, Primitive Selves: Koreana in the Japanese Colonial Gaze, 1910-1945 (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2010) in Korean Studies vol. 35 (2012): 352-357
  • Jun Uchida, Brokers of Empire: Japanese Settler Colonialism in Korea, 1876-1945 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2011) in The Journal of Korean Studies vol. 18, no. 1 (Spring 2013): 151-154
  • Richard S. Kim, The Quest for Statehood: Korean Immigrant Nationalism and U.S. Sovereignty, 1905-45 (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011) in The American Historical Review vol. 118, no. 2 (Spring 2013): 490-491
  • Masuda Hajimu, Cold War Crucible: The Korean Conflict and the Postwar World (Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press, 2015) in Pacific Historical Review vol. 85, no. 3 (August 2016): 466-467

Translations

  • “Inabata Katsutaro (1862-1947) and Non-Governmental Economic Diplomacy between Japan and Turkey” by Kimura Masato in Selcuk Esenbel and Inaba Chiharu (eds.), The Rising Sun from Japanese and the Turkish Crescent: New Perspectives on the History of Japanese-Turkish Relations (Istanbul: Bogazici University Press, 2003): 166-194
  • “Lifestyles in the Gay Bars” by Kabiya Kazuhiko [originally published in Amatoria (Studies in sexual customs) June-August 1955] in Mark McLelland, Katsuhiko Suganuma, and James Walker (eds.), Queer Voices from Japan: First Person Narratives from Japan’s Sexual Minorities (Lanham: Lexington Press, 2007): 105-138
  • “Chosŏn’s Adoption of International Law and its Conflicts with China in the 1880s” by Yi Tae-jin in Dynamics of Confucianism and Modernization in Korean History (Ithaca: Cornell University East Asia Series, 2007): 139-164
  • HILD 12: Twentieth-Century East Asia
  • HIEA 150: Modern Korea, 1800-1945
  • HIEA 151: The Two Koreas, 1945-Present
  • HIEA 152: Histories and Cultures of the Korean Diaspora
  • HIEA 153: Social and Cultural History of Twentieth-Century Korea
  • HIEA 180/280: Topics in Modern Korean History (2010: Touring Seoul)
  • HITO 165/265: Topics in LGBT History (2015: Queer Formations and the Global Sexual Revolution)
  • CGS 104: Advanced Topics in Comparative Perspectives (2012: Queer in East Asia: History, Culture, and Community; 2014: Queer Contact Zones in Asian, Intra-Asian, and Asian-American Studies) 
  • HIGR 207: Nationalism, Colonialism and Race
  • HIGR 212: Historical Scholarship on Modern East Asian History (2017: "Queering" East Asian Studies, "Provincializing" Queer Studies)
  • HIGR 214: Historical Scholarship on Modern Korean History (2011: Gender/Sexuality; 2012: Cold War “Korea” as Transnational History; 2016: Authoritarian Development in Contemporary South Korea; 2018: Colonial Modernity and Beyond)
  • HIGR 219A-B. Research Seminar in Modern Korean History (2018: Marginality)

Another book project explores the intertwined roles that the Japanese imperium and its military force played in the post-WWII imagination of queer desires and practices of male homosexuality in Asia-Pacific.  In an effort to re-center the trans-war, trans-national, and trans-ethnic dimensions of queer cultures in this region, Japan’s Gay Empire focuses on two related discourses that, although appearing prominently in county’s homosexual press during the 1970s and 1980s, have received relatively little attention in a field that continues to approach the archipelago in national isolation or only in its bilateral relations with the US.  The first discourse that problematizes this Cold War epistemology is evidenced by the many authors who homoeroticized the drudgery and violence of prewar soldiering in a demilitarized Japan.  The first part of Japan’s Gay Empire pays special attention to the intrusive practice of penile inspections (maraken), an erotically charged part of physical examinations used to determine one’s fitness for soldiering.  The second trans-war, trans-national, and trans-racial discourse is closely related to the postwar eroticization of military service in Asia-Pacific.  This part of Japan’s Gay Empire examines contemporaneous accounts that encouraged Japanese men to return to the many urban centers of its former empire – not as war mongering soldiers or colonial officials, but as middle-class businessmen engaged in sex tourism.  Building on feminist critiques of heterosexual liaisons in the ongoing subordination of lower-class women, one chapter shows how inter-ethnic encounters between adult men developed in tandem with “courtesan” (kisaneg) tourism, a post-colonial form of sex work that re-established an unequal system of transactions facilitating the Japanese consumption of Korean bodies.  This chapter suggests how gay encounters between Japanese and South Korean men indexed nationalist anxieties surrounding the 1988 Seoul Olympics.  Taken together, these two discourses underscore how the Korean peninsula and other parts of the Asia-Pacific region played a central role in the formation of gay desires among postwar Japanese men.  These trans-war, trans-national, and trans-ethnic discourses also connected a recent past of violence and instability to a more prosperous, if still unstable, present/future.