Modern Middle East history is an area of study within the chronologically broader “Near East (HINE)” field of the Department of History. Its subject matter is the region at the intersection of Africa, Europe, and Asia from the eighteenth to the twenty-first century. The graduate program in modern Middle East history is more narrowly focused on Asia Minor and the Fertile Crescent (Greater Syria and Iraq) in the period from ca. 1800 to 1950. The Department’s principal faculty in modern Middle East, Michael Provence and Hasan Kayali, are engaged in research on the political and social history of the transition from the Ottoman Empire to the modern states of the Middle East with particular attention to identity formation, nationalism, colonialism, and resistance.